What does Genesis 11:13 mean?
ESV: And Arpachshad lived after he fathered Shelah 403 years and had other sons and daughters.
NIV: And after he became the father of Shelah, Arphaxad lived 403 years and had other sons and daughters.
NASB: and Arpachshad lived 403 years after he fathered Shelah, and he fathered other sons and daughters.
CSB: After he fathered Shelah, Arpachshad lived 403 years and fathered other sons and daughters.
NLT: After the birth of Shelah, Arphaxad lived another 403 years and had other sons and daughters.
KJV: And Arphaxad lived after he begat Salah four hundred and three years, and begat sons and daughters.
NKJV: After he begot Salah, Arphaxad lived four hundred and three years, and begot sons and daughters.
Verse Commentary:
After fathering Shelah, Arpachshad lived another 403 years and had other children. Adding the numbers together, Arpachshad lived to be 438 years old. As with other verses, this statement supports a rapid decline in human lifespans after the flood. While ancient figures such as Noah lived nearly a thousand years (Genesis 5), the generations following Abram (Genesis 11:19–26) will be lucky to live beyond a century.
Verse Context:
Genesis 11:10–26 provides a direct genealogy from Noah to Abram, through Noah's blessed-by-God son, Shem. This record shows a direct genetic line from Noah and the flood, through Peleg and the dispersion of humanity at the Tower of Babel, to Terah, Abram's father.
Chapter Summary:
Genesis 11 contains three sections: God confuses and scatters the people of the world to stop the building of Babel and its tower. A genealogy is provided showing the direct links between Noah and Abram. The ''generations'' of Terah are introduced, providing a description of the family out of which God will call Abram to become the father of His chosen people.
Chapter Context:
Genesis 10 provided a table of the nations, describing the peoples and tribes that descended from Noah's three sons and where they settled. Genesis 11 describes how God scattered the peoples of the world after confusing their languages to stop the building of Babel and its tower. The chapter also provides a direct genealogy from Noah to Abram and then introduces Abram by way of his father Terah. The following chapter will begin the story of Abram and God's chosen people, Israel.
Book Summary:
The book of Genesis establishes fundamental truths about God. Among these are His role as the Creator, His holiness, His hatred of sin, His love for mankind, and His willingness to provide for our redemption. We learn not only where mankind has come from, but why the world is in its present form. The book also presents the establishment of Israel, God's chosen people. Many of the principles given in other parts of Scripture depend on the basic ideas presented here in the book of Genesis. Within the framework of the Bible, Genesis explains the bare-bones history of the universe leading up to the captivity of Israel in Egypt, setting the stage for the book of Exodus.
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