What does Acts 6:12 mean?
ESV: And they stirred up the people and the elders and the scribes, and they came upon him and seized him and brought him before the council,
NIV: So they stirred up the people and the elders and the teachers of the law. They seized Stephen and brought him before the Sanhedrin.
NASB: And they stirred up the people, the elders, and the scribes, and they came up to him and dragged him away, and brought him before the Council.
CSB: They stirred up the people, the elders, and the scribes; so they came, seized him, and took him to the Sanhedrin.
NLT: This roused the people, the elders, and the teachers of religious law. So they arrested Stephen and brought him before the high council.
KJV: And they stirred up the people, and the elders, and the scribes, and came upon him, and caught him, and brought him to the council,
NKJV: And they stirred up the people, the elders, and the scribes; and they came upon him, seized him, and brought him to the council.
Verse Commentary:
The "council" is a reference to the Sanhedrin, the religious court of the Jews. They enforced the Mosaic law on Jews in Judea and beyond (Acts 9:1–2). Members of the Sanhedrin were typically either priests, teachers of the Law, or elders: respected businessmen of Jerusalem. They could belong to any sect of Judaism, though most belonged to the Sadducees, who did not believe in the resurrection of the dead. Others were Pharisees, who added extra laws to those God gave Moses. Not everyone on the Sanhedrin rejected Jesus; Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus followed Jesus and were on the council (Luke 23:50; John 7:50–51).

This is a near copy of how the Jewish council treated Jesus. The Sanhedrin falsely accused Him of threatening to destroy the temple, a capital offense in the Roman Empire (Mark 14:57–58), and then incited a crowd with lies (Matthew 27:20). In this case, Jews from Africa and modern-day Asia Minor incite a crowd so that the Sanhedrin will condemn Stephen.

The Sanhedrin is more than happy to oblige. They have arrested (Acts 4:3; 5:18), threatened (Acts 4:18), and beaten (Acts 5:40) the leaders of the Jesus-followers to no avail. The members of the Sanhedrin are jealous of the apostles' following and powers (Acts 5:17) and horrified that they not only teach that resurrection of the dead is possible, but also that Jesus of Nazareth, their sworn enemy, has risen (Acts 4:1–2).

Despite this, many of the priests have chosen to follow Jesus (Acts 6:7). There's no telling how this affects the body of priests or the Sanhedrin. The priests are all of one family (Deuteronomy 18:1); Jesus' warning that He would split families is coming true (Luke 12:49–53).
Verse Context:
Acts 6:8–15 gives a short explanation of why the Jews get angry with Stephen and bring him before the Sanhedrin. Scripture does not record exactly what he says that enrages his audience. When they cannot defeat him with logic, they falsely accuse him of threatening the temple, which is the same charge the Sanhedrin tried to use against Jesus (Mark 14:57–59). Like Jesus, Stephen has said no such thing. And, like Jesus, Stephen's message is far more radical—radical enough for the mob to kill him (Acts 7).
Chapter Summary:
Acts 6 introduces us to a Jesus-follower named Stephen. The apostles affirmed the choice of Stephen, along with six others, to make sure every Christian in Jerusalem has what they need. But Stephen is also a skilled debater. As a Greek-speaking Jew from outside Judea, Jews from Cyrene, Alexandria, and modern-day Asia Minor would naturally gravitate toward him. These travelers cannot defeat Stephen's logic, but they reject his message. They falsely accuse Stephen and bring him before the Sanhedrin.
Chapter Context:
Acts 6 introduces us to a Jesus-follower named Stephen. The apostles affirmed the choice of Stephen, along with six others, to make sure every Christian in Jerusalem has what they need. But Stephen is also a skilled debater. As a Greek-speaking Jew from outside Judea, Jews from Cyrene, Alexandria, and modern-day Asia Minor would naturally gravitate toward him. These travelers cannot defeat Stephen's logic, but they reject his message. They falsely accuse Stephen and bring him before the Sanhedrin.
Book Summary:
The summary of the book of Acts is provided in Jesus' words in Acts 1:8: ''But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.'' In Acts 2:1–13, the Christ-followers receive the Holy Spirit. Acts 2:14—7:60 describes the rapid growth of the church in Jerusalem. Chapters 8—12 find Jewish persecution inadvertently spreading the gospel throughout Judea and Samaria. And in chapters 13—28, Paul and his companions spread the good news throughout the Roman Empire.
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