What does 1 Corinthians 5:4 mean?
ESV: When you are assembled in the name of the Lord Jesus and my spirit is present, with the power of our Lord Jesus,
NIV: So when you are assembled and I am with you in spirit, and the power of our Lord Jesus is present,
NASB: In the name of our Lord Jesus, when you are assembled, and I with you in spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus,
CSB: When you are assembled in the name of our Lord Jesus, and I am with you in spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus,
NLT: in the name of the Lord Jesus. You must call a meeting of the church. I will be present with you in spirit, and so will the power of our Lord Jesus.
KJV: In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when ye are gathered together, and my spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ,
NKJV: In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when you are gathered together, along with my spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ,
Verse Commentary:
Paul has passed judgment on a man in the Corinthian church. The man was sleeping with his father's wife, a form of sexual immorality even the pagan culture of the day did not tolerate. In his position as apostle, founder of their church, and spiritual father, Paul has commanded them to remove the man from among them.

Now Paul tells them to do so when they meet. In doing so, he elevates the idea of "going to church" beyond a mere meeting of like-minded people to a gathering together in the name of the Lord Jesus. Physical gathering of believers is not merely an option, or a suggestion: it's a command (Hebrews 10:25).

As Paul did in the previous verse, he declares he will be present in spirit at this meeting, as well. Again, it is unclear in exactly what sense Paul means this. He will be present in the form of his letter to them, declaring this man guilty and commanding that he be removed. Paul has also said that he will be present spiritually, either in the sense that all of those who are in Christ are together or beyond that in some special supernatural sense by the power of the Lord Jesus. At minimum, Paul intends them to understand his judgment in this issue to be binding.

Paul is also claiming that it is with the power of the Lord Jesus that he will carry out the sentence for this man described in the following verse.
Verse Context:
First Corinthians 5:1–8 contains Paul's primary example of how the Corinthian's pride and self-sufficiency is hurting their community. He has just asked if they would prefer he come in gentleness, or ''with a rod,'' symbolic of harsh judgment. Here, Paul details a grievous sin: the believers in Corinth have failed to rebuke a member who is committing incest with his father's wife. They must remove him from the church and turn him over to Satan in hopes of his ultimate salvation. This is also crucial for the health of the church—just as tiny bits of leaven eventually spread to an entire batch of dough, sin left unconfronted can poison an entire church.
Chapter Summary:
Paul confronts the church in Corinth for failing to respond to a self-identified believer having a sexual affair with his father's wife. He insists they must remove the man from their community—to refuse his participation in the church—referred to here as delivering him to Satan. As the Jewish people would do during Passover, they must remove the leaven of this man and his sin from among them, to prevent it from spreading to the entire church. Christian congregations should not associate with those who claim to be believers, yet flaunt their sin.
Chapter Context:
First Corinthians 5 continues Paul's confrontational tone from the previous chapter. There, he warned the arrogant that he might return to them with a rod of correction. Now he points to a specific result of their pride: They have failed to respond to one among them who is openly committing incest. Paul commands them to remove the man from their community by turning him over to Satan for destruction of his flesh, in hopes that his spirit would be saved. They must not even share a meal with a Christian continuing in unrepentant sin. Paul will distinguish between the judgment of believers with that of non-believers. In the next chapter, this will include more details on how to handle conflict, as well as the ability of God to forgive any and all sin.
Book Summary:
First Corinthians is one of the more practical books of the New Testament. Paul writes to a church immersed in a city associated with trade, but also with corruption and immorality. These believers are struggling to properly apply spiritual gifts and to resist the ungodly practices of the surrounding culture. Paul's letter gives instructions for real-life concerns such as marriage and spirituality. He also deals with the importance of unity and gives one of the Bible's more well-known descriptions of love in chapter 13.
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